A National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report has noted that the number of poor persons in Nigeria has increased to 133 million.
This is a massive increase from 82.9 million captured in the last poverty report. This implies a staggering 55 million increase between the periods of the two reports.
This development is coming after the Nigerian government had said that it lifted 10.5 million Nigerians out of poverty between 2019 and 2021.
Trends from the report
In 2015, when President Muhammadu Buhari assumed office, he launched two key interventions to fight poverty.
First, the National Social Protection Policy, which serves as the guidebook for addressing inequalities, highlights the social benefits accruable to each citizen, while the second was the establishment of the National Social Safety-Nets Project (NASSP).
In 2021, the government intensified its commitment to eradicating extreme poverty, and to accelerate a steady human capital growth, when the Federal Executive Council (FEC) approved the launch of the National Poverty Reduction with Growth Strategy (NPRGS)— a 10-year programme to accelerate the reduction in poverty
through economic growth, social protection programmes, and others.
Despite these efforts, the NBS 2022 poverty report provides deep insight that nothing has changed and the poverty map of Nigeria has, in fact, become larger.
6 in 10 Nigerians are poor
According to the report, sixty-three percent of Nigeria’s population, which is 133 million, is multidimensionally poor.
Multidimensional Poverty Measure is an index that captures the percentage of households in a country deprived along three dimensions of well-being – monetary poverty, education, and basic infrastructure services.
The report stressed further that the multidimensionally poor Nigerians cook with dung, wood or charcoal, rather than cleaner energy. High deprivations are also apparent in sanitation time to healthcare.
Poverty by location
Poverty according to the report is higher in rural areas, with 72% of persons described as poor, compared to 42% of people in urban areas.
The report added, “Approximately 70% of Nigeria’s population live in rural areas, yet these areas are home to 80% of poor people; the intensity of rura poverty is also higher: 42% in rural areas compared to 37% in urban areas.”
Breakdown of location of poor people in Nigeria shows that 86 million
live in the North, while 35%—nearly 47 million—live in the South.
By States, poverty figure is lowest in Ondo(27%) while Sokoto(91%) has the highest headcount rate.
The poorest States are listed as Sokoto, Bayelsa, Kebbi, Gombe and Yobe.
Poorest senatorial district in Nigeria
The report also ranked Bayelsa West, Kebbi South, Yobe South, and Sokoto North amongst poorest senatorial districts.
Others are Yobe North, Jigawa North East, Plateau South, Taraba North, Kebbi Central and Jigawa North West as senatorial district with the highest poverty rate.
Poverty by association
Seventy one percent of people living in households with at least one person living with a disability (PLWD) are poor, compared to 62% of people living in households where no one is living with a disability.
Two-thirds of children aged 0–17 are poor (67.5%), compared to 58.7% of adults. This gives rise to the sobering reality that over half of all poor people (51%) are children.
In total, 29% of all school-aged children are not attending school while 94% of all out of-school children are poor.
Join the conversation
Support Ripples Nigeria, hold up solutions journalism
Balanced, fearless journalism driven by data comes at huge financial costs.
As a media platform, we hold leadership accountable and will not trade the right to press freedom and free speech for a piece of cake.
If you like what we do, and are ready to uphold solutions journalism, kindly donate to the Ripples Nigeria cause.
Your support would help to ensure that citizens and institutions continue to have free access to credible and reliable information for societal development.
Students suffer as contractors abandon Kano school projects after receiving over N70m
In 2019, to improve the condition of public schools in Kano State, the Federal Government disbursed millions of naira to...
SPECIAL REPORT: World Bank road projects go bad in Enugu, as state govt fails to fulfill promise
Counterpart funded road projects between the world Bank and Enugu State government have started to fail, as the state government...
INVESTIGATION: How N70m road construction created more hardship for Sokoto residents
“To address recurrent accidents on Gagi to Gidan Dilo road and Fakon Idi roads, in Sokoto State, the Federal Government,...
INVESTIGATION: Inside Kwara school where students are used as labour on teachers’ private farms
In this report, SHEREEFDEEN AHMAD uncovered how young students in Kwara State, Nigeria, are being used for labour work on...
INVESTIGATION: How Kano SUBEB awarded contracts to inactive contractors, non-existent schools
In an effort to address issues hindering quality education, the Kano State Government in 2020 awarded N88,406,667.10 for the construction...